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Health Care Hall of Fame

Paul M. Ellwood Jr.
Inducted in 2000

Paul M. Ellwood Jr.
1926-
Inducted in 2000


Under the Nixon administration, helped usher in the era of health management organizations, or HMOs as they are referred to today.

Ellwood, who spent 17 years in medicine—specializing in neurology, pediatrics and physical rehabilitation—turned his attention to health insurers in 1968. After seeing firsthand how what he believed to be a flawed system was affecting his patients, he decided to address insurers and urge them to take more responsibility for cost and quality.

He would then found the Jackson Hole (Wyo.) Group, a healthcare think tank that came up with the concept of managed competition. Some 20 years after HMOs were created, Ellwood was again brought into the healthcare reform debate under the Clinton administration. However, Ellwood’s group would eventually oppose the reform initiative as the focus was too much on government regulation rather than the free-market approach that his group favored.

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